Wells are become more popular as they are the best way to acquire groundwater. For those considering putting in a well versus using city connections there are a few things you might want to consider as to what it takes to get a well installed on your property.
What Does it Take to Put in a Water Well
Permit – In order to install a well, you will first need to acquire a permit. In order to get a permit you will first need to fill out the application. However, you may need to have a licensed contractor to put on the application.
Well Location – The next major step is finding the location for the well. The well’s location must meet all isolation requirements. Such as distance between the well, utilities, and the home. Of course, the well must be located on the property.
Water Well Design & Construction
Well Casing – One of the components of the well and its construction is the well casing. The well casing uses PVC piping that is 4 to 6 inches in diameter. The well casing extends from above ground and into the aquifer or ground water. The well casing is designed to not only provide a line to the ground water but also prevent contaminates such as loose soil, rocks or other sediment from entering the well’s tank.
Well Screen – Often aquifers will have sand, soil, or gravel. The well screen acts like a filter or strainer. With the well screen it will allow the water to move through the well but stops the soil or gravel from entering the well or the well’s tank. There is an additional filter system used to clean the water of the smaller particles.
Grout – There are different methods that are used to bore holes into the grout. One of the most common methods used is rotary drilling. When the bore hole is drilled, it is drilled larger than the well casing. Once the well casing is in place, the remaining space is then filled with “grout” which is a cement mixture. The grout will help protect the well casing or the PVC piping from collapsing or breaking.
Water Well Pump System
Water Well Pump – The heart of all wells is the pump. All wells will use a pumping system to draw the water from the aquifer and into your well. Depending on the size of your well and your water demands will dictate the size of the pump required. Pumps are rated by the amount of water they produce typically GPM or gallons per minute. There is a motor that the pump uses, rated by horse power or (HP). When choosing a pump you will want to consider both the horse power and the GPM. However, your well contractor can help determine which pump is best for your needs.
Water Well Pressure Tanks – The pressure tank contains the water under pressure. When the water enters the tank it will compress the air within the tank the pressure will build up. Once the pressure builds up to a certain point, typically between 40 to 60 pounds of pressure, the pump will shut off or stop drawing up water. The pressure is then released when a faucet or the water is being used from outside of the tank. However over time the air can absorb into the water allowing the water to continue to fill the tanks.
Water Filtration, Purification & Treatment in Golden Gate Estates, Naples, Cape Coral, Fort Myers & Lehigh Acres, Florida
It is important to maintain a well and all its components to make sure the well continues to function properly. AAA Water Team can help repair and maintain your well’s water pump. For those with older wells who need help replacing or reinstalling a new well pump, contact AAA Water Team today.