Modern well systems work a bit differently than in the past. However, many people that have a well system for their home may be curious to know how it works. You might have questions about how the well works at your new rural home if you are not using city water. Knowing how the well system works can help you with maintenance and repairs. With this in mind, we at AAA Water Team would like to share the basics of how the well works.
Residential Water Well Design
Stored in aquifers, the underground layers of porous rock are where the untreated groundwater for the well water is located. To access the water, wells get drilled as far down as 1,000 feet. To protect against contaminants, pipe casing gets installed into the hole, and a concrete or clay sealant surrounds it. The well pump travels the water and above ground, the well system gets capped off. Between the casing and a pressure tank is where the water enters your home and from there, the water is distributed to faucets throughout your home. Since it comes from the earth, people are often under the impression it is pure. The rainwater collects through the soil as the rainwater moved through the air and across the ground. There’s likely more to it than just water by the time well water gets into your home. These elements affect food, skin, pipes, clothes and your health.
Well Water Contamination
Containing minerals like calcium and magnesium, well water is similar to hard water. Though the water containing minerals is food, the minerals in excess can lead to buildup pipes and heating systems that can result in costly repairs. Hard water is not conducive to soaps and, leaving spots on dishes, detergents, shower doors, and generally does not clean things as well as soft water. Well water is also likely to contain other contaminants. Various items found in nature could be present, such as arsenic, nitrates, tannins, iron, and sulfur gas, depending on where you live. To find out what is in your water, ultimately, it is better to have the water tested by a professional where you can better find the right solution.
How to Avoid Well Water Making You Sick
You’ll also want to make sure the well casing is in good condition besides the environmental factors. To help keep your water source clean the chamber holds your well pump and should stay wholly enclosed. Your well exposed to insects, dirt, or rodents that can cause e.coli bacteria to grow inside your well, due to cracks in your well cover or casing walls. Testing the water can also help you determine if there are any risky contaminates in the water.
Well Water Maintenance
1) For any maintenance on your well, hire a licensed or certified service technician.
2) When the water’s taster, smell, or appearance is altered, or once a year, have your water tested annually.
3) Avoid contact with the well and hazardous contacts.
4) Ensure the well cover cap is secure and make certain it as least 6” above ground.
5) When mowing or moving around it, keep the well cap area free of debris.